IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON PREGNANCY OUTCOMES: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Introduction: Atypical pneumonia known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is highly infectious and is currently spreading rapidly around the globe.
Objectives: The main objective of the study is to analyses the impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy outcomes among local population of Pakistan.
Material and Methods: This cross sectional observational study was conducted in Lady Aitchison Hospital during September 2019 to August 2020. The data was collected through systematically designed questionnaire. Clinical characteristics, examination results, and treatment course were extracted from their medical records. For mothers, we collected socio demographic data, educational attainment, and occupation, maternal parity, medical history records, laboratory tests, and intensive care unit [ICU] admission.
Results: The data was collected from 685 patients. The two groups of pregnant women were compared in terms of severe preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, premature rupture of membranes, fetal distress, maternal mortality, IUD, fecal staining of amniotic fluid, premature birth, neonatal asphyxia, Abruption or other compression sutures, and there was no significant difference Significance (all P >0.05); the proportion of IUD in the COVID-19 group was higher than that in the non COVID-19 group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant.
Conclusion: It is concluded that those patients who visited the hospital during COVID-19 pandemics have high rate of IUD, placenta abruption and maternal death.
Keywords: IUD., COVID-19